AN INVESTIGATION ON NAMING AND NICKNAMING OF KAZAKH IN THE NOVEL “EY, DUNYA EY”

Nodar MIRAZANASHVILI

Manana MICHITASHVILI

Naming and nicknames emerged with the creation of man in all societies and cultures. Generally, names are given by the first degree relatives of the people and it’s varying from society to the society. Nicknames are given to the people by their friends or their environment. This subsequent naming on the one hand, reflects the person's character, position in society, his job, his relationship with his environment, his ethnic origin, and on the other hand, it reflects features such as the viewpoint of those who give the nickname, the value he gives to him, the position he sees in society or the position he wants to see, and the social and cultural situation of this environment. Some names and nicknames are meant to guide people and society; moreover, some of them are satirical for a bad deed and wrongdoing. Some of them have historical features and emphasize both the person and his environment and on the history or historical figures that should not be forgotten. Some of them are just the necessity of the tradition, but the myth of a nation emerges from it. The appendices that are in the original form of these names and nicknames are also important in language analysis. The closeness, look and value of the person named and nicknamed by the person can be perceived. Besides these, the relationship of the society with other societies, the direction and degree of the relationship can be seen. In the literary work, which is considered the mirror of societies, the situation is the same, but it differs a little. The nicknames of literary works on the one hand, reflect the characteristics we have mentioned and on the other hand, they reflect the relationship of the author with the other people in the literary work, and even the political, social and literary perspective of the author. Considering these facts, Beksultan Nurjekeuli's "Ey, Dunya Ey" the nicknames and names used in the novel were discussed, and the savings and changes made by individuals using the names of their relatives in relation to this subject were also examined.

Keywords: Nicknaming, naming, naming tradition, 1916 Kazakh Massacre, immigration