THE FIRST INTEGRATION ATTEMPT OF THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIK OF GEORGIA WITH THE WESTERN EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (IN THE 20s OF THE 20 CENTURY)

Manana MICHITASHVILI

The first attempts of integration of the Democratic Republic of Georgia with Europe and the United States of America are studied in the paper. Integration was foreseen by the Georgian government as a guarantee for security and economic development of the country, which was demonstrated through the joint actions  and closer partnership among the countries. The analyses of the new information resources and modern research methodology enabled us to positively evaluate the strategy and tactics of Noe Zhordania’s government considering the historical circumstances of that time.   The European countries and the United States of America considered a problem of Georgia in the context of the international policy. There was a secret battle among the great powers over mandate system and distribution of influence. Therefore, the strategies and political decisions used to unexpectedly change. The international situation after the First World War and the controversial political platforms of the Georgian diplomats raised number of questions about the instability of political course of  the Democratic Government of Georgia not positively effecting  the decisions of the Paris Conference or the League of  Nations.  Eventually, Georgia lost a trust being a secure  and an important geopolitical partner in a strategic region to fight against the Bolshevik Russia. On the other hand, an inclination of the European countries to trade and economically cooperate with Russia hindered the political attempts of Georgia to obtain mandate over the country with the purpose of protecting  it from the anticipated annexation by the Bolshevik Russia. 

Keywords:  integration, democratic Georgia, first attempts, annexation, international policy, League of Nations, Western Europe, USA.