The language characterizes not only the national experience, material and spiritual wealth of the nation, but also serves to preserve and transmit it from generation to generation. From this point of view, language is not only the “most important means of communication”, but also a manifestation of the culture that arose as a result of the conscious activity of linguists. Each cultural world has its own model. A model is a form of the world formed through national culture. A person perceives the real picture of the world, as necessary, through language and not a copy of it. The linguistic picture of the world clearly describes the phenomena of being. The linguistic picture of the world is manifested in linguistic symbols, words, knowledge that a person encounters in life. "The instrument of language is the word." The people’s life is depicted with the help of a word, stored in a sign-word. The great thinker Abay, who knew mankind well, said: “A person is colored by his words, A person is judged by his words”, which means that the person’s words can betray his true face. Aphorisms are the basis of speech, therefore, the article discusses the aphorisms of the Great Abay. Each social thought is born in due its time, and aphorisms in Abay’s works can be understood as a result of understanding the urgent problems of Kazakh life. In Abai’s works, the majority of aphorisms are occupied by national cosonyms. National cosmonyms are the names of space objects visible without special devices. In fact, the general laws are inherent in the names of the language, nevertheless, each nation perceives and depicts general phenomena in its own way. They make up the traditional culture of the nation. The article discusses the use of national cosonyms in Abay’s works and a peculiar image. Since “culture is the result of cognition, “the article also deals with the foundations of a national worldview in the content of the names of the heavenly world and ethnocultural information transmitted through these names.
Keywords: aphorism, paremia, linguistic picture of the world, ethno culture, national cosmonym, heavenly world