Tülin Ayşe KOÇ
Dîvânu Lugât’it-Türk is a Turkish-Arabic dictionary written by Kâşgarlı Mahmud. The masterpiece which is written under the rules of Arabic grammar has an important place as it gives details about Turkish culture history. Dîvânu Lugât’it-Türk which has a place in Tukish language studies contains important information on tools and equipments which Turkish people used in 11th century. In this study, by detecting of existing of tools and equipments used in agriculture and livestock breeding in in Dîvânu Lugât’it-Türk in accordance with language-culture relationship, it’s tried to follow the process of them from the 11th century to now. In this study, Ahmet Bican Arcilasun and Ziyat Akkoyunlu translation of Dîvânu Lugât’it-Türk is used and firstly, the tools and equipments used in agrticulture and livestock breeding are detected. The words detected are classified among themselves and by writing each lexical entry in bold, page number is shown in brackets. After the word items in Dîvânu Lugât’it-Türk are given exactly the same, the explanations of the words are made. In this explanations, expanding examples, their allophones and the words which have semantic relations are tried to included the ethimological dictionary of Sir Gerard Clauson is taken as a basis and when the other ethimological dictionaries differ, it’s stated. By analzying the scan dictionary, the usage period of the words and the period of their changing are emphasized and the conditions of words in formal language are analyzed by using the dictionary of Turkish Language Association. Benefitting from the Compilation Dictionary their usage in the dialects are detected. This study gives us a clues about what kind of methods are used in agriculture and livestock breeding by Turkic people in 11th century and the language they used in that period.
Key words: Dîvânu Lugât’it-Türk, Turkey Turkish, Turkey Turkish Dialects, agriculture, livestock raising, tools and equipments names.