The Georgian historical sources preserve important information observing which enables us to restore the process of changes taking place in one of the frontier districts of Georgia, Javakheti, from the linguistic and ethnical viewpoint.
In Javakheti region the ethnical Georgians, Armenians and Russians live together in a close vicinity. They have usual interinfluences and interrelations in their daily life, they have ties, relationships and are obedient to the same government and are the citizens of one country. They study often at same schools, though the regular interinfluence does not eliminate their cultural peculiarities and differences which are important. Each group maintains own peculiarities and characteristic features, traditions, values, aspirations which reveal themselves in the different circumstances.
Based on the historical sources, to the extent possible, the processes which in the different times were conditioning alteration of the spheres of usage of the different linguistic components, are described in the represented work in sequential manner. The spheres which nowadays are divided in Javakheti region as spheres of Georgian, Russian,Armenian or Turkish languages and their linguistic variations, are identified; The perspectives of the language policy and the peculiarities of using the State language are clearly shown. The historical events are analyzed basing on the modern days situation and the main factors influencing the language situation in the region are shown.
the research work represented is based on the methods of social linguistics as well as on the linguistics as a discipline. Those methods can be for the purpose of discussion divided in three parts. The scientists refer the methods of gathering the language material to the first group; the second group involves the methods of the material processing and the third group involves the methods of evaluation and interpretation of the received data.
Key words: Georgia (Country), Javakheti, ethnic minority, linguistic situation, language policy, bilingualism.