POSTMODERN NOVEL AND THE NEW WORLD DESIGN

Vedi AŞKAROĞLU

The general view of the novel is that it reflects many aspects of life in a fictional way. While the plot reflects human actions and behaviors within the boundaries of probability, individuals are constructed from within the society, sometimes as ordinary, sometimes as marginal types, or as individuals who can represent a class or community. The use of time and space is brought to the forefront in terms of reality and credibility, and presented in parallel with the people and the plot. On the other hand, it is necessary to see that the novel has entered a new form and become a part of social transformation depending on changing social, cultural, political, economic values ​​and perceptions. When evaluated from this point of view, it is revealed that the postmodern novel, which has left its mark on the present day, is produced with two-dimensional features. The first is that it uses all of the artistic fiction heritage, and the other is an effort to ensure the destruction of all past traditions. In addition to technical features of previous literary genres, potmodern novel makes use of their content. It uses not only the novel genre but it also exploits all the materials such as ideas, images, narratives, language and style developed by previous literary works which range from legends  to tales, poetry, theatre, puppet shows and even travel writing. This comprehensive blending of genres is accomplished in line with the homogenous, globalised, consumerist structure of today’s world, designed by the new political and cultural policies. The material exploited by the novelists is limitless, and the way they construct their fiction is not restricted by any rules, principles or the dictations of any movement.

In this article, postmodern novel is comparatively discussed with previous novel styles in terms of time, setting, characters and plot with a view to language, style, reality, reader and author.

Key Words: Postmodern Novel, Style, Fictionalisation, Reality, New World