CULTURAL STUDIES OF THE POEM “BLUE HORSES” BY GALAKTION TABIDZE

Tamar GOGOLADZE

The poem "Blue Horses" byan outstanding Georgian poet GalaktionTabidze, (1892-1959) was published in 1916. It attracted the attention of a wide circle of readers and literary criticsat once: how this idea arose to the modernist poet, which was implied in the symbolism of the “blue horses”, etc. Our article is dedicated to this topic and aims to reveal how different information ripens in the thoughts of a brilliant poet at the beginning of a new century against the background of moderncultural thinking.In the poem "Blue Horses" color, longing and a feeling of approaching deathare combined. It shows an unclosed, peculiar reflection of reality conveyed by an artistic word. Blue attracted the attention of Franz Marc (1880-1916)artist, who created the painting “The Blue Horse” in 1903.In 1911 with Vasily Kandinsky (1866-1944) organized a creative association of representatives of the Expressionism “The Blue Horseman”in Munich. The union strove to achieve a kind of equality of poetry of all forms of art.This article explores only those theoretical and artistic premises that caused inspiration in G. Tabidze in the poem "Blue Horses". The first impressions were reflected in the painting by Georgian artist LadoGudiashvili "Poet GalaktionTabidze and" Blue Horses "(1919). When working on the topic, we used a theoretical methodology: comparative-typological, critical, paradigmatic.

Keywords: Galaktion Tabidze, Cultural Studies, Blue Horse, “Blue Horses”, F. Mark, V.V. Kandensky.