CLIMATE CHANGE AND URBAN FLOODS: THE CASE OF BEŞİKDÜZÜ FLOOD (2016)

Levent MEMİŞ

Sönmez DÜZGÜN

The environmental problems that increase the impact of climate change, temperature increases and sudden rainfall began to respond more intensely in the daily life of the citizens. When there are no studies to reduce the risks and adaptation to these situations, loss of life and property is in question. When the population and values of the cities are taken into consideration, the level of losses that may occur increases. Therefore, urban climate change also raises effective water management. In the context of this statement, the main subject of the study is urban floods due to climate change. Floods occurring in the urban area are handled through urbanization and examined in the example of the settlement of Beşikdüzü District. The research is carried out within the scope of case study, which is one of the qualitative research methods, and the data are obtained with different tools. According to the general findings, the district is located where eight streams meet the sea. The district expanded horizontally over time, which brought intervention to the creeks. Although some studies have been carried out in order to reduce flood risks, the main reasons for floods in 2016 are the closure of streams within the settlement area, failure to take measures such as upside down, the drifting of rural agricultural wastes and trees with flood waters and preventing the passage in the channel. Flood constitutes an important agenda of the Eastern Black Sea Region and is expected to be in the future. Considering this situation, it is important for the region to carry out studies by gathering different disciplines on the subject.

Keywords: climate change, stream, urban flood, municipality, Beşikdüzü