NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FACTORS OF CAUCASIAN ETHNO- CONFLICTS

Ioseb ALIMBARASHVILI

The modern Russian historiography tries to prove the fact as if the ethno-conflicts among Caucasian people (Abkhazian conflict, South Ossetian (Tskhinvali Region), Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan; the so-called Nazran conflict between Ossetians and the Ingush, and Chechen conflict) have historical roots.

Actually, Russia generally had the final word in breaking out ethno-conflicts in Caucasus, and later had “an attempt” to settle them, it always tried and even now tries to keep control in the regions, following the principle “Divide and Rule”.

The Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region Conflicts represented intrastate conflicts until 2008, where two sides confronted each other, on the one hand – the central government, and on the other hand, the de facto government of breakaway regions. Since the August war 2008, after the Russia`s widespread military aggression and the occupation of 20%of Georgian territories, Abkhazian and South-Ossetian conflicts underwent transformation and became a Georgian-Russian conflict.

As far as it concerns the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, it is a disputable territory between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The same can be said about the Ossetian and Ingush conflict, where Russia officially plays the role of a mediator, but in reality it is the interested party, and the settlement of conflicts is not in its strategic interests. Regarding Chechnya, it is an open aggression against the country fighting for its independence, which had undergone several genocides before (70s of the XIX century, 1944).

Key Words: Caucasus, Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, South Ossetia, Chechnya and Ingushetia, ethno-conflicts