FRAMEWORK OF THE USE NOMINAL SENTENCES IN M.AUEZOV'S NOVEL-EPIC "THE WAY OF ABAI"

Erdoğan ALTINKAYNAK

Safura BORİBAYEVA

Aygerim SMAGULOVA

Nominal sentences are examined in the Kazakh language on the material of epic novel of М.Auezov "The way of Abai". Their differences from the verbal sentences are educed and communicative setting of nominal sentences is determined. The findings of the study are shown in tables. The experts and young researchers specialised in the syntax of emergence of Kazakh Linguistics and its development through time have researched the simple, compound and complex types of sentences, their differences, inner meanings and outer structures on a large scale. Despite all these efforts, the sentence types present in our language, yet not researched scientifically, have been included within the scope of Linguistic research. In addition, the characteristics of sentence structure, the direct influence of word types upon this, and their effect on the meaning of the sentence are some of the issues dealt with.  In the present situation of the development in Kazakh Linguistics, clarification of the relations between different levels of language will be an important dimension of the the structure in Kazakh language syntax.  Nominal sentences were first distinguished and their differences from the verbal ones were first shown in turkic linguistics by A.P.Potseluevskiy and in Kazakh linguistics by M.Balakaeviy. The special attention was paid to the comparison of the sentences used in the first (1942) and second (1961) editions of novel of М.Auezov "The way of Abai".  The replacement of verbal sentences meeting in the first edition on the nominal ones in the second, is conditioned, according to the opinion of author, by ability of last not only capaciously and exactly to express an idea but also to strengthen an expressiveness of the text, performing the communicative-pragmatic duty.  In this article much attention is given to the nominal sentences, their kinds, features of the usage in the novel of classic of Kazakh literature, writer М.Auezov "The way of Abai". 

Keywords: nominal sentences, verbal sentences, work, features, predicate.