FOOTPRİNTS OF MODERN TURKİC DİALECTS İN THE WORKS OF KYRGYZ WRİTER OF TRANSİTİONAL PERİOD: OSMONAALY SYDYKOV

Meder Saliev

The transition period sare often marked with Grand changes in the life time sandwith the levels with which these changes permeate different levels of society. Early XXth century is such a period for the turkic world. The Cagatay language, which was one of two literary turkic languages, has lost its influence, where as many spoken languages of Turkestan were becoming literary. It is possible to compare and analyze the modern day turkic dialects of Turkestan, and trace the differences between them to the socio-political transformations of their carriers in the beginning of the XXth century. Although the Soviet records indicate that the Kyrgyz language has started to be literary starting from 1924, when the first newspaper in Kyrgyz “Erkin Too” starts its life, history tells us that even before the Soviet reformations, there used to be mullahs which would write and document the folklore and spoken history. These writers would write their works in Cagatay language using Arabic alphabet. In this article, we analyze Kyrgyz grammar in the works of a first Kyrgyz history writer Osmonaaly Sydykov. He wrote his books “Muhtasar Tarih-i Kırgıziya”, “Tarih-i Kırgız Şadmaniya” in the city of Ufa. Despite the claims of the author regarding the usage of pure kygyz in the books, it is possible to trace the influence of the Cagatay language in it. We compare the grammar of the book with contemporary grammar of kygyz language. We then analyze, which of those properties are in active use in the modern turkic languages.

Keywords: Cagatay language, Modern Kyrgyz written language, modern turkic dialects, sounds