EARLY IRON AGE CERAMICS FROM THE GÖKHÖYÜK BAĞLARI MOUND

Ramazan GÜNDÜZ

The great tribal migration that broke out approximately in the 1200 B.C. caused great changes in the social and political structure of Anatolia. After these migrations, many monarchical states of the 2nd Millennium BC (Hittite, Mitanni, Babylon, Kasga) disappeared. The interruption of the written sources along with the turmoil in the Anatolian geography and the information about the communities living here being very limited has caused this period called Dark Age. The new studies and the new archaeological data obtained in time made it possible to enlighten this period. The finds obtained from the ceramics unearthed in excavations in Gordion Yassı Höyük, Boğazköy, Hattusa, Alisar, have contributed significantly to the elucidation of Central Anatolia Iron Age. The results of the C14 analysis on the ceramics recently obtained from the clean strata at Bogazköy-Hattusa, Gordion and Kaman Kale Höyük and the comparisons made with analogical methods ensured the Central Anatolian Iron Age to become more understandable. Since there is no comprehensible excavation work in the Konya Plain, the information about Iron Age of this region is obtained from the data coming from surface researches that have been going on in the area for many years. A group of Early Iron Age ceramics unearthed during the excavations at Gökhöyük Bağları Mound, which is located to the southwest of the Konya Plain, is the subject of this study. Some of the cups examined have rope print decoration on it and there is no embellishment on the remaining pieces. The aim of this study is to contribute to the understanding of the continuity of the cultural continuity in the transition from Gökhöyük Bağları to Early Iron Age.

Keywords: Konya, Gökhöyük, Iron Age, Early Iron Age Pottery, Pottery.