Bahattin ÇELİK


Beginning from the Chalcolithic Age, the Middle and Early Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman Period and the Islamic Period, until today, settled in the Sogmatar, especially A.D. in the second century, the Moon God came to the fore with Sin'a worship. Besides the necropolis area, the reliefs on the bedrock are also preserved in Sogmatar, which is remarkable with its sacred areas and habitats. In addition to reliefs of the Moon God Sin, an eagle relief is seen in a sacred area made of main rock. The eagle wings on a large block are clearly covered in detail. The eagle, which has been used as an important figure in many civilizations from the Neolithic to the present, has many different meanings for each period. The eagle, which has an important figure of the power, stands out as a sacred animal. Humankind has reflected the eagle in their art as a symbol of political power, depicted in mythological and natural form. The eagle motifs are used in ceramic pot forms, reliefs and grave steles as well as seal prints. Eagle is both physical and spiritual (the other world) is related to the situation. similar to the depiction of the eagle at Sogmatar , we see on the grave steles in Roman art. The image of the eagle, which is related to the other world that was found in Sogmatar, which is used as a necropolis area, should be made to indicate that the dead person is a symbol of the incarnation and that the grave owner is a man.

Keywords: Şanlıurfa, Soğmatar, The Eagle, Grave Steles, Reliefs