BREAKING OF THE TABOOS, AND THE SHADOW ARCHETYPE IN LEGENDS OF ERZURUM

Ramazan ERGÖZ

Taboos are strong social binding prohibitions, expressed as sacred or untouchable. Sacred bans are punished in a variety of ways that violate the taboo as a result of breaking the taboos. The purpose of the punishments is to protect the holy and thus to protect the social integrity that the individual lives with him/her and to ensure the continuity of the human-nature relations without any damage to the continuity of life. The creation of folk knowledge contains the deep codes that explain humanity. These codes are revealed in the creation of folk knowledge by the archetypal symbols a by Carl Gustav Jung. The myths and myths after the fairy tale are the narratives of the archetypal symbols. The breaking of the taboo, which hold an important place within the legends, gives a direction to the flow of events. The features of some characters that break the taboos in the legends are noteworthy as concrete reflections of shadow archetypes. The shadow archetypal is the negative features that we do not ascribe to us as human, and the negative emotions that are kept in subconscious. The shadow archetype, however, wants to reveal itself against to this suppression. In the myths, by making the taboos be trampled under the shadow archetypes, human beings both reveal this suppression and make the taboos which are the holy prohibitions be trampled by characters who has negative features. By this means, the importance of having the ideal values, which is the main message that the legends want to give, is better put forward. In this study, we will examine the breaking of the taboos in the legends of Erzurum and the reflections of the characters that break these taboos as shadow archetypes.

Key words: Legend, Erzurum, Shadow Archetype, Taboo, Punishment