THE REFLECTIONS OF WEAVING AND PATTERN, IN THE REGION OF ŞALPAZARI, TRABZON: THE EXAMPLES OF BAGS AND SOCKS

Fatma YILDIRMIŞ

Weaving has been done since the earliest period of Turkish history. Traces of a need that turns into an artwork can be traced in the pages of the history. Referring to the Ottoman archives; it can easily be said that the art of weaving was also well-developed in Trabzon, the subject of this study. The country of Trabzon, Salpazarı, which has become famous for its woven garments, constitutes the research domain of this article, and bags and socks attract our attention with their diversity ve commonnness. During the studies in the area, some photographs were taken, their inventories were prepared, and motifs were worked on. After an introduction that describes the historical development of weaving in Trabzon, this study consists of three main sections and the conclusion part. These main sections are; types of woven pieces from Salpazarı, the motifs used in these weaves and the samples of fabrics. The bag, as a kind of weaving, was a means of transport and storage once upon a time, but today it has turned into an accessory or a gift. The function of socks, which are an another kind of weaving, has not changed, however; today it has an increase in color and pattern. In addition, while both types of fabrics were used as an essential part of dowry, today only socks are included. In the research, the motifs in bags and socks are named both with their traditional names and , if there are any, with similar motifs in the Turkic World. Finally, detailed information about the products is presented and they are uniquely introduced.

Key Words: Trabzon/Şalpazarı, weaving, bag, socks, pattern.