ULAR AS ORNITOMORPHOUS SYMBOL: SEMANTICS AND FUNCTIONS (ON THE BASIS OF CULTURE OF YAKUT AND OTHER TURKIC PEOPLES)

Luiza GABYSHEVA

This article concerns the image of улар (wood grouse) in the mythology and folklore of Yakuts with broad attraction of comparative-historical material on languages and traditional culture of the Turkic peoples and its symbolical meaning connected with gender characteristics. In mythological picture of the world, the bird’s image is correlated to the south sunny side, and heat; its attribute is red color. The author pays attention to ancient sources of the cult of snow-cock bird in culture of peoples from Altai linguistic community.

Keywords: folklore, myth, metaphor, symbol, meaning, trope