In the article the author analyses on material culture and vocabulary Saha ancient lunar and solar calendars, rock carvings, as well as folklore texts. The study is a comprehensive study of the worship of the sky at the junction of the folklore, Ethnology, and archaeology. Thus, the author of periodization where the worship of the Sun and the moon are seen as the dual concept of the worship of the Heave. In addition, the methodology is of interestspecific lexical units to mythological layers. This gives the exploration depth and significance.
Keywords: periodization, calendar, astroarheologiâ, Eurasia, the cult of Heaven