This article attempts to analyze the worldview on the example of the concept of “motherland” and reveal words of its microfield such as “relative”, “native”, in the Yakut, Russian and French languages. In the collective consciousness of language socium (as well as in the individual consciousness) the proverbs create a peculiar cognitive structure. Proverbs in any language represent the prism through which the idea of the people about the world around them and themselves can be reflected. The cognitive structures of proverbs in different languages have the common features and the differences which makes possible their comparative analysis which, in turn, reveals peculiarities of the worldview. The worldview reflected in proverbs is the background which is unconsciously assimilated by the language personality and represents one of basic elements of stereotypes.
Keywords: Proverbs, Key concepts, Worldview, Proverb worldview, Comparative analysis, Semantic peculiarities