Themillswereone of thefirstexamples of industrial facilities of theclassicalera (1300- 1600), in which human power werere placed with an other energy power. The mostdet ailedin formation about the sefacilities is given in the Otoman Staterecordingsandcodes. Thepurpose of ourstudy is toresearchthe XVI century’ssituation of millsandcreamerıes of the Big Ardahan Sanjak of Childir provinceaccordingtothe Otoman Staterecordingsnamed "Defter-i Mufassal Vilâyet-i Gürcistan" anddated 1595. Accordingtothe Staterecordings, therewere 224 watermillsand 8 creamery in Big Ardahan Sanjak. Accordingtothe Staterecordings and codes of laws, thewatermillsareknown as "asiyâb".
KeyWords: ChildirProvince, Big Ardahan Sanjak, StateRecordings, WaterMills, Creamery