Modernism and postmodernism as a modern interpretation of the world both appeared as the original protest against the reality and have created new directions in philosophy and art. Widely debated with regard to their meaning and implications, they have also been said to refer to a philosophical and cultural movement. Having been a tendency in contemporary culture, postmodernism arose as polemic with modernism and at the same time it is some kind of summarizing, reconsideration and revaluation of values. Whereas modernism aimed at search of definiteness and firm bases, postmodernism aims at daily occurrence, radical pluralism, vagueness and uncertainty.
Keywords: Modernism, Postmodern, Postmodernism, Intertextuality, The Perception of the Author's Death, Hermeneutics, Cynicism, A New Vision of the World.