KYRGYZ AND THE OIROT: CHOROS. WHERE DOES THE NAME ZHUNGAR COME FROM?

Olcobay KARATAYEV

Historicalandculturalrelationship of theKyrgyzandOirat had takenshapeuntilthe Mongolonslaught. Theserelationshipscontinuedduringtheattack of theNaimansandlateruntilKarakhitaisattack. As a result; Kyrgyzstatewasdividedintotwo as YeniseiKyrgyzandTengirtooKyrgyz. Additionally, YeniseiKyrgyzandtheOirats, andthenZhungars (Oirat-Kalmyk) had politicallyandeconomicallycloserelations. In 1399, YeniseiKyrgyzfounded a statewithOirats. It is knownthattherulerMunke-Temir (GüylüchüKashka) was of Kyrgyzorigin. Thisstate is mentioned as da-dan (Tatar) in Chinesesources. It is alsoknownthatthelaterstate of theOirats, ZhungariaState (Züüngar), was a significantstatewithgreatimpact in Central Asia. State-founderswerefromthearistocraticChorosclan. It is alsoinvestigated in thearticle how therulersfromthisclanwereinfluential in otherstates.

KeyWords: Kyrgyz, Oirats, Kalmyk, Choros, Zhungar, ZhungarKhanate, MunkeTemir, Mongolia, Yenisey, Kyrgyz.